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1945 History, Trivia and Fun Facts
1945 75 Years Ago | History Snapshot
World Series Champions
Stanley Cup Champions
|Toronto Maple Leafs|
US Open Golf
|Not played due to WWII|
US Open Tennis (Men Ladies)
|Sgt. Frank Parker/Sarah Palfrey Cooke|
NCAA Football Champions
NCAA Basketball Champions
|Orange Bowl: January 1, 1945 - Tulsa over Georgia
Rose Bowl: January 1, 1945 - USC over Tennessee
Sugar Bowl : January 1, 1945 - Duke over Alabama
Westminster Kennel Best in Show Dog
Time Magazine's Man of the Year
|Harry S. Truman|
|Bess Myerson (New York, NY)|
Fashion Icons and Movie Stars
|Lauren Bacall, Ingrid Bergman, Joan Fontaine, Ava Gardner, Betty Grable, Rita Hayworth, Jennifer Jones, Veronica Lake, Carole Landis, Dorian Leigh, Dorothy McGuire, Jane Russell, Gene Tierney, Alexis Smith, Lana Turner|
|"Happiness is not achieved by the conscious pursuit
of happiness; it is generally the by-product of other activities"
- Aldous Huxley
"Who's on First?"
- Bud Abbott, in 'The Naughty Nineties'
"I'm Chiquita Banana and Iíve come to say - bananas have to ripen in a certain way..."
- Chiquita Bananas
"An iron curtain is drawn down upon their front. We do not know what is going on behind."
- Winston Churchill, to Harry S. Truman, regarding theDemocracy and the Russian-controlled Communist bloc.
Melvin E. Biddle, for his actions during the Battle of the Bulge, earned the Medal of Honor on October 30, 1945, by President Truman. When presenting the medal, Truman whispered "People don't believe me when I tell them that I'd rather have one of these than be President."
1945 Pop Culture History
|Frank Sinatra cancelled a $10,000 gig and traveled
to Gary, Indiana to convince white high school students striking against
integration to return to school. Sinatra called it "the most
shameful incident in the history of American education."
In his 1945 cartoon debut The Friendly Ghost, Casper attempts suicide by laying across railroad tracks, letting a train run over his head. It just passes through him because he's already a ghost.
A farmer chopped off a chicken's head, missed the jugular vein, a clot formed and some of the brain stem survived, providing basic homeostasis functions. Mike the Headless Chicken toured in sideshows for 18 months and earned the farmer $4,500/ month at the peak of his popularity.
Prior to the first nuclear bomb detonation in July of 1945, isotopes such as strontium-90 and cesium-137 did not exist in nature. Pieces of art and bottles of wine created before 1945 can be tested for cesium, if they contain traces of cesium they would almost certainly be fake.
A radar engineer named Percy Spencer was working at Ratheon. He stepped in front of a magnetron, a device that powers radars. He noticed a chocolate bar in his pocket had melted. Later that year, he filed a patent for the first microwave oven.
FDR founded an organization to find a cure for polio, and believed that if every American gave only a dime, polio would be eradicated. Because of this motto, after his death in 1945, FDR's face was put on the dime, and his organization was renamed "The March of Dimes."
Alexander Fleming predicted the rise antibiotic resistance in his 1945 Nobel Prize speech. He warned that massive use of penicillin could lead to the propagation of mutant forms of bacteria that would resist the drug.
A 1945 Life article estimated that before the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings "probably no more than a few dozen men in the entire country knew the full meaning of the Manhattan Project" More than 100,000 others employed with the project "worked like moles in the dark".
Slinky is from a Swedish word meaning 'stealthy, sleek and sinuous.' Each slinky has about 67 feet of steel, and was first invented by Richard James while working for the military in his home. He dropped a spring and it 'slinkied' off a tabletop and some books. In 1960, he left the he founded (James Industries) and became an evangelical missionary in Bolivia.
A modern singing birthday card has more computing power than the Allied Forces in 1945.
The term "ground zero" came from the spot at the base of a tower named "Zero" at White Sands Missile Range from which they drop-tested the first atomic bomb as part of the Project Trinity test.
'Trinitite' is the name given to sand turned into glass due to the Atomic Bomb Testing at Trinity during WWII.
World War II News and Information
On May 6, 1945, Chuck Norris was born, on May 7, 1945, the Nazis surrendered.
Assuming the population of the world in 1945 is correct at around
2.7 billion, 3% of the world was killed in World War II.
RIP, Scandals, Sad and Odd News
|An airplane crashed into the Empire State Building,
injuring elevator operator Betty Oliver. When rescuers attempted to
lower her on an elevator, the cable snapped, plunging her 75 stories
down. She survived the fall, and to this day holds the record for
longest survived elevator fall.
In 1945, fallout from the first US atomic bomb test contaminated a river in Indiana. This led to a Kodak Film employee discovering the secret test. He kept the discovery secret until 1949.
The Catholic Church, unofficially, but through some of it's clergy, may have helped some Nazi's escape Germany for Latin America. Escapees reputedly included Franz Stangl, Klaus Barbie, Heinrich Mueller and Adolf Eichmann.
Tsutomu Yamaguchi is the only man on record to survive both nuclear bombs in Japan in 1945. He was in Hiroshima on business during the first bombing, and returned home to Nagasaki with burns to his upper body. He died in 2010.
August 6th, 1945 at 8:16 a.m. was the deadliest moment in history, killing over 70,000 people in 5 seconds.
On March 9/10, 1945, 300 B29 bombers dropped nearly 500,000 cylinders of napalm and petroleum jelly on Tokyo creating a 40-sq-km firestorm that killed over 100,000 and maimed another million. It was the most destructive single bombing in history, including Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombs.
A group of Soviet school children presented a US Ambassador with a carved US Seal as a gesture of friendship. It hung in his office for 7 years before discovering it contained a listening device.
The last president to have a net worth under a million dollars was Harry Truman, in 1945
From colonial times through the 20th century, New York City had one universal day every year when apartment leases expired. This caused the city's streets to be chaotically flooded with furniture and moving carts every May 1st. The tradition ended by 1945.
When Norway was occupied by Germany during WWII, the Nazis instituted the Lebensborn program, under which Norwegian women were coerced into having the children of Nazi officers. The most famous Lebensborn child is Frida Lyngstad of the band ABBA.
Firsts and the Biggest Christmas Gifts
Ebony began publication
|Reading Dr Benjamin Spock's Baby and Child Care
was a must for young parents.
Reading Forever Amber by Kathleen Winsor
Reading The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger
Reading Brideshead Revisited by Evelyn Waugh
Reading Loving by Henry Green
Watching The Picture of Dorian Gray, The Lost Weekend, Spellbound, Mildred Pierce, Blythe Spirit, and Detour in theaters
Popular Music Artists
|The Biggest Pop Artists of 1945 include:
The Andrews Sisters, Les Brown and His Orchestra, Frankie Carle and His Orchestra, Perry Como, Xavier Cugat and His Waldorf-Astoria Orchestra, Bing Crosby, Jimmy Dorsey and His Orchestra, Tommy Dorsey and His Orchestra, Helen Forrest, Benny Goodman and His Orchestra, Dick Haymes, Woody Herman and His Orchestra, Betty Hutton, Harry James and His Orchestra, Louis Jordan, Sammy Kaye, Stan Kenton and His Orchestra, Gene Krupa and His Orchestra, Guy Lombardo and His Royal Canadians, Johnny Mercer, Freddy Martin and His Orchestra, The Merry Macs, Vaughn Monroe, Pied Pipers, Dinah Shore, Frank Sinatra, Kate Smith, Charlie Spivak and His Orchestra, Jo Stafford, Martha Tilton
Charts based on Billboard music charts.
|A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, A Walk in the Sun, Anchors Away, And Then There Were None, The Battle of San Pietro, The Bells of St. Mary's, The Children of Paradise, Detour, I Know Where I'm Going, Leave Her to Heaven, The Lost Weekend, Mildred Pierce, Mom and Dad, The Picture of Dorian Gray, Rome Open City, Scarlet Street, The Seventh Veil, The Southerner, Spellbound, The Spiral Staircase, They Were Expendable, The Thin Man Goes Home|
More Pop Culture History Resources
|Popular Music in 1945
# 1 Hits of 1945
|Pop Culture News|
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pop, as in 'popular' :(adjective) Pertaining to the common people, or the people as a whole as distinguished from any particular class.
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